Vector and Raster Graphics

Vector Graphics vs. Raster Graphics

You always encounter vector graphics and raster graphics. Maybe, you’re starting to wonder what they are. Where are they used for? What makes vector graphics and raster graphics a go-to option for everyone?

Vector Graphics – What Are They? 

Vector graphics are made up of curves, circles, and other geometric shapes. They are mapped out through mathematical equations on a grid to calculate the edges of the shapes. 


What are Vector Graphics Used For? 

Vector graphics are commonly utilized in Auto CAD software to create accurate 3D images and building plans effectively. 

They are used in Adobe Illustrator, Corel draw, Macromedia freehand, and other design software to create infographics, icons, logos, and more. 

They are also utilized for embroidery, line art, and illustrations. 


A Small File that Doesn’t Require a Large Memory Capacity 

A library full of raster images can use up memory quick but vector graphics can be a lifesaver. Unlike raster image files, vector-based graphics contain less data. 

Vector graphics have been a popular type of computer graphic. People in business turn to vector-based graphics because of their flexibility and quality features. 

Instead of more complex information, vector graphics only contain coordinates. They have compressed drawings, requiring less information to produce. That means you can have a complex image with gradients, text colors, and shapes while enjoying a lightweight file. 

It is also possible to increase the dimensions of the object without requiring a large space on your laptop or home computer. 

More Flexible than Pixel Based Graphics

You can scale them up and down without losing the image quality. That’s why they are a top choice for diagrams, technical drawings, company logos, icons, geometric figures, and fonts. They are also used in large format graphics and exhibition designs. 

Vector graphics can be scaled without affecting the crispness and accuracy of an image because they are made up of lines and points. While a scaled-up pixel image becomes fuzzy, vector graphics remain sharp and crystal-clear. 

Lines are Smoother than raster graphics

Another advantage of vector graphics is the ability to keep lines smooth and sweeping curves uniform. This makes vector graphics ideal for business logos and billboards. 



  • It is difficult to find small errors in vector graphics.

  • You have to enlarge the vector image to determine the faults, which can be a headache for some.

  • Filled with a gradient or solid color only.

  • Since vector-based graphics consist of a solid color or gradient, they cannot display detailed image properties. 

  • Rasterization is necessary.

  • This is especially true for display. What is rasterization? How does it work? Well, rasterization is a process of turning any non-pixel image into a digital pixel-based graphic. 

Raster Graphics- What Are They?

Raster graphics, consist of little squares that you can see whenever you zoom in on the image. 

Every raster graphic has picture elements. As the smallest unit of every pixel graphic, this element is assigned a particular color value. 

Composed of square-shaped pixels and arranged in grids. 

What Are Raster Graphics Used For?

Raster graphics are utilized in Adobe Photoshop and other pixel based software programs. 


A Great Tool for Creating Detailed Images 

Since every pixel in a raster image may have different colors, it is convenient to create a complex image with variations and color changes. Raster graphics are indeed a perfect tool for detailed and rich images. 

Compatible with Almost Any Program 

Raster graphics are compatible with several image editing software options in today’s market. But the most common application that works with a raster graphics is Adobe Photoshop. 

Individual Pixels are Easy to Edit 

Whenever detailed changes need to be edited, it isn’t hard at all to zoom in and focus on the area that needs attention.

Create Stunning Images 

Raster graphics are the only option is you are seeking that professional beautiful, detailed look for your images. Using Adobe Photoshop allows you to create crisp, accurate, crystal-clear, and stunning photos.

Apply Effects and Filters 

There are countless effects that can be added easily to any raster graphic making them not only a useful tool but a fun pass time as well.


  • No Scaling. 

  • Scaling to large is not an option. As the pixels get bigger the more fuzzy your image will become

  • Images look distorted and grainy. 

  • When you enlarge a raster image, it might look blurry or “pixelated” because of the low concentration of pixels in a larger image size. 

  • Raster graphic files are large.

  • Because of the amount of information that is inside a raster graphic, the ending result is a large file, which could definitely cause problems for you down the road if you need to upload or move your files to an exterior location.. 

Which Graphic Is Better? 

If you want smoother lines in an image, vector graphics are going to be your go-to. But if detail and editing is in your project, then raster is the way to go. It all boils down to your project. Will the image need to be scaled up or down? Vector it is. Are you needing to make complex edits in scenes? Then go for the raster.

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